The promotion of sport leisure
styles across life-span: contributions from the study of youth
sport leisure itineraries
Conference main theme Quality
of Life in physical education, health and well-being or Social
justice in sport development
Inspired by the humanistic theory
of leisure (Cuenca, 2000, 2006, 2010), this paper presents the
results of an investigation that studies youth sports leisure
itineraries, trying to clarify the factors involved in the generation
of sustainable sport leisure styles, contributing to the evolution
of the sports action in a factor of personal development and
quality of life. Recent studies about sport dropout in contemporary
societies, advertised a growing weakening of these practices,
even during childhood and youth. Aware of the importance of this
fact and its implications, the reconstruction of sport leisure
experiences of a sample of 383 youths of Bizkaia (Spain) between
1995 and 2005, the identification of their sport itineraries
and psychosocial factors that encourage their sport participation
and continuity are the empirical corpus of this study.
The results show that sport has a special place in the repertoire
of leisure of Basque youth from early childhood (before age 10
years), being regular dedication to this field the more widespread
way to do sport. Different change itineraries of their sport
activities are represented through 8 itineraries. The age of
onset of the sporting life, the nature of perceived barriers,
gender, family and friendships are factors that can promote regular
dedication to the sport, and therefore, the sport habit. The
fun derived from the sport activity, essential during sport initiation,
turns out to be necessary but not sufficient to ensure the continuity
of sports stories. On the contrary, concentration on the activity,
the pursuit of complex goals beyond entertainment, the perception
of investment associated with long periods of practice, the sense
of competence and autonomy of friendships to take decisions about
the persistence of sport behavior emerge as major determinants
of adherence to sports.
These results confirm that different patterns of change exist
in relation to leisure sport participation, modulated by psychosocial
factors which impact on decisions about continuing or abandoning
sports, has been proven. No doubt, the knowledge of these patterns
will help to predict the future of the itineraries and the interventions
of stakeholders to promote leisure sport styles and their continuity
across life span in contemporary societies.
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de Ocio. En Escuela de Turismo (ed.). Turismo y tiempo libre.
Actividades, métodos y organización (pp. 53-64).
Bilbao: Universidad de Deusto
Cuenca, M. (2000). Ocio humanista. Dimensiones y manifestaciones
actuales del ocio. Documentos de Estudios de Ocio, 16. Bilbao:
Universidad de Deusto.
Cuenca, M. (2004). Pedagogía del Ocio. Modelos y propuestas.
Bilbao: Universidad de Deusto.
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Universidad de Deusto.
Dr. María Jesús
Monteagudo has a degree in Psychology and got her PhD in Leisure
and Human Development at the University of Deusto (Bilbao, Spain)
in 2011. She is member of Leisure Studies Institute of this University
from 1992 and researchs actively as part of the interdisciplinary
research team of this Institute. She studies leisure from a psychosociological
point of view and the phenomenon of sport, as leisure experience.
She has developed the construct of leisure itineraries in the
context of leisure and leisure sport, leisure benefits and leisure
constraints. She has presented the advances of this research
line in several scientific meetings and has contributed papers
to journals such as Revista Interuniversitaria de Educación
Social, ADOZ. Revista de Estudios de Ocio, Revista
de Ciencias de la Educación and has been co-editor
of several monographs about leisure experience and sport and
human development. She is member of the Asociación Española
de Investigación Social Aplicada al Deporte (AEISAD),
OcioGune. Spanish Network of Leisure Studies Research Teams about
Leisure and Human Development and of OTIUM. Latin American Leisure
Monteagudo, M.J. (2008). Reconstruyendo
la experiencia de ocio: características, condiciones de
posibilidad y amenazas en la sociedad de consumo. En M.J.
Monteagudo (ed.) La experiencia de ocio: una mirada científica
desde los Estudios de Ocio (pp. 81-110). Documentos de Estudios
de Ocio, 35. Bilbao: Universidad de Deusto.
Monteagudo, M.J. (2011). Los itinerarios de ocio deportivo. Estudio
de los jóvenes de Bizkaia (1995-2005). Bilbao: Universidad
de Deusto. Tesis Doctoral.